Bilberry is the common name for several species of plants in the
Vaccinium genus, especially V. myrtillus. They are low-growing shrubs
that are closely related to blueberries and are often mistaken for
Bromelain is an enzyme found in the Bromeliaceae family, which includes
the pineapple plant. The term "bromelain" may also refer specifically to
two enzymes in this extract rather than the entire extract.
Celery Seed (Apium graveolens) is a member of the Apiaceae family, which also
includes carrots and parsley. Celery plants can exceed three feet in
height, and the leaves can grow to more than two inches in length.
CMO is an abbreviation for cetyl myristoleate, more formally known as
cis-9-cetyl myristoleate. It is chemically classified as an ester,
meaning that it is the product of a reaction between an acid and
Chamomile is a common name for the plant known scientifically as
Matricaria chamomilla and Matricaria recutita. Additional common names
for this plant include German chamomile, wild chamomile and scented
Chasteberry is a common name for Vitex agnus-castus, a species of
flowering plant native to the Mediterranean region. It is also known by
other common names such as Abraham’s Balm, Chaste Tree and Monk’s
Chitin also has many applications as a health supplement that primarily
relate to its role as a dietary fiber. Health supplements typically use
chitosan, which is a modified form of chitin with greater
Chondroitin sulfate is a chain of alternating molecules of glucuronic
acid and N-acetylgalactosamine. This chain may contain over 100
molecules of simple sugars, although the specific quantities and
positions can vary.
Chrysin is a flavone, which is a class of plant pigment found in many
flowering plants. The most significant natural sources of chrysin
include flowers in the Passiflora genus, commonly known as
Dandelion is a common name for any member of the Taraxacum genus, which
contains many species. These flowering plants have deep roots and are
native to temperate regions throughout the northern hemisphere.
DIM is an abbreviation for 3,3′-diindolylmethane, which is composed of a
methane group with two indole groups attached to it. The primary
natural source of DIM is the digestion of cruciferous vegetables.
Malic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula C4H6O5,
which has two structures known as enantiomers. L-malic acid occurs
naturally in all organisms, while D-malic acid must be synthesized in
DMG is an abbreviation for dimethylglycine, an amino acid with the
chemical formula (CH3)2NCH2COOH. It is derived from glycine, which is
one of the 20 amino acids commonly used to synthesize proteins in
Garcinia Cambogia is also known as Malabar tamarind or Goroka fruit
which is often used for culinary purposes in South East Asia. Recently,
it has been used in supplements after the discovery of weight management
Ginkgo biloba is a tree that is commonly known as just ginkgo and the
maidenhair tree. It is considered a living fossil since it is the only
tree in its taxonomic division and its fossil record goes back 270
Gotu Kola is used for reducing fatigue, improving memory, venous
insufficiency including varicose veins, circulation, wound healing and
increasing longevity. Gotu Kola is also used for memory loss and as an
Red grape skin extract is very high in resveratrol, which accounts for
many of its health benefits. These benefits include supporting heart
health, antioxidant support and the body’s ability to manage healthy
blood sugar levels.
Coffee has been used in health for centuries due to its stimulating
properties, but recent research on the green coffee bean and its
chlorogenic acids has resulted in this ingredient being used for weight
Commiphora wightii is a flowering plant in the Burseraceae family, which
is commonly known as the Torchwood family. Common names for Commiphora
wightii include Mukul myrrh, guggul and Indian bdellium-tree.
The L-form of arginine is one of the 20 amino acids that are commonly
found in nature. It is classified as a conditionally essential amino
acid, meaning that the human body can’t manufacture sufficient
L-Carnitine is an ammonium compound that's synthesized from the amino
acids methionine and lysine, primarily in the liver and kidneys. Plant
and animal cells use it to transport fatty acids into the mitochondria
to metabolize fats.
L-cysteine is an amino acid that is classified as semi-essential in
humans, meaning that the body biosynthesizes adequate amounts of it
under normal circumstances. The biosynthesis of L-cysteine requires
L-Glutamine is one of the 20 basic amino acids in the human genetic
code. It's a conditionally essential amino acid, meaning that dietary
supplementation of L-glutamine may be required under certain conditions.
Glutathione is a tripeptide, which is a molecule consisting of three
amino acids linked together by chemical bonds. It is an important
nutrient in many organisms, including plants, animals and some bacteria.
Histidine is one of the 23 amino acids used to build proteins in humans,
known chemically as proteinogenic amino acids. It uses the codons
cytosine-adenine-uracil (CAU) and cytosine-adenine-cytosine (CAC).
Inosine is a nucleoside, which is one of the basic chemicals used to
construct cells. L-inosine is the biologically active form, which has
the chemical formula 1,9-dihydro-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-6H-purin-6-one.
L-ornithine is an amino acid that’s primarily used in the urea cycle,
which eliminates excess nitrogen from the body. It isn’t an essential
amino acid in humans, meaning that it can be synthesized in the body.
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