XTEND HEALTH ASia Xtend-life Natural health supplements and skincare products from new zealand
Xtend-Life Sports Specific Natural Supplements and Skin Care Products
There are so many types of sports available today, ranging from athletics (pure physical) to mixed such as chess boxing, to new such as e-sports (gaming) - every sport, be it professional or casual, has it's own stresses and demands that differ from another sport.
This means that the natural health supplements and skin care needs differ from one sport to another e.g. a person who loves basketball vs a person who loves to play DOTA2 (Defense Of The Ancients 2) - they have very different health supplements and skin care needs.
There are more than 500+ sports and games listed (non-exhaustive) here, with a short description about the games and also with specific recommendations for Xtend-Life natural health supplements and skin care products based on the stresses/demands that players undergo.
Note: I occasionally enjoy a solo or co-op game or two of DOTA2 (I usually play with my brother), and I can say that I enjoy DOTA2 quite a bit =D
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3x3 - a variation of basketball played on a half court with just three players in each team.
AbaGüreşi - a kind of wrestling from the area of Gaziantep and Hatay in Turkey, which is played wearing clothes made of aba.
- an adventure sport where the participants descending a steep
formation using a rope. It is also known as rappelling, roping down,
roping and snapling.
Adventure Racing - an event combining two or more endurance disciplines, such as map reading (Orienteering), Cross-Country Running, Mountain Biking, Paddling and Climbing. It is also called Expedition Racing.
- a general term for outdoor sports or activities in which the
participant competes in a natural environment, more against themselves
than against others
Aerobatics — sport aerobatics involves aircraft maneuvers such as rolls, loops, stall turns (hammerheads), and tailslides.
Aeromodeling — activity using remotely controlled flying model aircraft (not a sport).
Aggressive Inline Skating — Aggressive inline skating is a form of inline skating executed on specially designed inline skates with the focus on grinding and spins.
Aikido - Shodokan Aikido (also called Sport Aikido) is a style of the martial art Aikido that is used for competitions.
Air Hockey — played on an air-hockey table, participants try to hit a puck elevated on a cushion of air into the opponents goal.
Air Racing — Air racing is a sport involving airplanes competing over a fixed course low to the ground.
Air Sports — a general term covering a range of aerial sporting activities such as: Aerobatics, Aeromodeling, Ballooning, Air Racing, Gliding, Hang Gliding, Parachuting, Paragliding, Wingsuit Flying, and using Power Kites such as for Kitesurfing.
— a skirmish sport in which participants eliminate opponents by hitting
them with spherical non-metallic pellets from replica firearms. See
also the similar sports Laser Tag and Paintball.
All-Terrain Boarding — another name for Mountainboarding
— commonly known as Downhill Skiing, involves racing down snow-covered
hills on skis with fixed-heel bindings. There are alpine skiing
competitions in disciplines such as slalom, giant slalom, super giant
slalom, and downhill.
Alpinism - the sport of mountain climbing
— A team sport played on a rectangular field 1 with goalposts at each
end. Each team attempts to advance an oval ball down the field into the
end zone by running or passing it. It is also known in some parts of
the world (outside of the US) as Gridiron. In the US it is referred simply as football. Variations include Arena Football, 6-Man Football.
— players use their hands to hit a small rubber ball against a wall.
There are three versions (four-wall handball, three-wall handball and
one-wall handball) that can each be played by either two, three or four
players. It can be compared to squash without rackets. It is very
different from the Olympic sport of (Team) Handball.
Aquabike - a variation of Triathlon, with no running loeg. Athletes swim followed by cycling.
(1)— an underwater sport where two competitors wearing masks and fins
wrestle underwater in an attempt to remove a ribbon from each other's
ankle band. It is also known as Underwater Wrestling.
Aquathlon (2) — a continuous race involving swimming followed by running. It is usually over a shoter distance than the similar Biathle.
— competitive archery involves shooting arrows at a target for accuracy
from a set distance or distances. The main forms of archery are Target Archery and Field Archery, and others include Clout Archery, 3D archery, Crossbow Archery, Flight Archery, and Ski Archery.
Arena Football — a variety of American Football (Gridiron), played indoors on a smaller field resulting in a faster and higher-scoring game.
Arena Rugby — a variation of Rugby Union, played indoors on a smaller field resulting in a faster and higher-scoring game.
Arm Wrestling — a type of Wrestling
where each participant place one elbow on a surface while gripping the
other participant's hand. The aim is to pin the other's arm onto the
Arnis - the national martial art sport of Philippines which emphasizes weapon based fighting
Artistic Billiards — a Carom Billiards discipline
in which players score points for performing 76 preset shots of
varying difficulty. It is sometimes called fantasy billiards.
Artistic Cycling — a form of
competitive indoor cycling in which athletes perform tricks for points
on specialized, fixed-gear bikes in a format similar to ballet or
Artistic Gymnastics — is an Olympic sport where gymnasts perform short routines on different apparatus, such as the Vault, Floor (men and women), Pommel Horse, Rings, Parallel Bars, High Bar (men), and Uneven Bars, Balance Beam (women).
Artistic Pool — a trick shot
competition on a pocket billiards table in which players score points
for performing 56 preset shots of varying difficulty.
Artistic Roller Skating
— is a sport which consists of a number of events (Figures, Dance,
Freestyle and Precision Teams) usually accomplished on quad skates,
though sometimes inline skates are used.
Association Football — more commonly known as Football or Soccer.
It is the world's most popular sport, played between two teams of
eleven players with a spherical ball. The game is played on a
rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object is to score by
using any part of the body except the arms and hands to get the ball
into the opposing goal.
Athletics — commonly known as Track and Field, though it is an umbrella sport, which in addition to Track and Field it also comprises Cross CountryRunning, Road Running and Racewalking.
Atlatl — an Atlatl is a spear thrower, used in spear or dart throwing competitions
ATV — ATV stands for All Terrain
Vehicle, and sport disciplines involving ATVs include Enduro, Track and
Off-Road Racing and ATV racing on a motocross track.
Australian Football — a fast paced football code from Australia, played between two teams of eighteen players on a large oval field.
Six points are scored by kicking the ball between two tall goal posts,
or one point for passing the ball either side of these. Alternative
names are Australian Football, Aussie Rules, AFL, Australian Rules
Australian Handball — similar to Squash though played without a racquet.
— a sport involving the racing of automobiles for competition. There
are numerous different categories including Formula 1, Touring Car,
Rally Cars, Drag Racing, Stock Car Racing, Vintage Racing. Also known as Car Racing, Motor Racing or Automobile Racing.
— a type of Auto Racing in which drivers navigate one at a time
through a defined course on either a sealed or an unsealed surface in
the shortest time. See also the motorcycle version Motorcycle Gymkhana
Autograss — a type of Auto Racing on natural surfaces such as grass or mud, usually held on quarter-mile oval tracks.
Ba Game - a version of Medieval Football played in Scotland, a type of Mob Football where two parts of a town have to get a ball to their respective sides.
— a swimming stroke performed on the back with the arms lifted
alternately out of the water in a backward circular motion and the legs
extended and kicking.
Badminton — an indoor game with rackets in which a shuttlecock is hit back and forth across a net.
— a female Olympic Games gymnastics event on which a gymnast balances
on a narrow horizontal bar raised off the floor, while performing
Balkline — a Carom Billiards discipline.
A point is scored each time a player's cue ball makes contact with both
object balls on a single stroke. It is played on a pocketless table
that is divided by balklines on the cloth marking playing regions. It's
precursor was a game called Straight Rail.
Ball Badminton — a racket game native to India, played with a yellow ball made of wool, with similarities to Badminton.
Ball Hockey — a variation of Ice Hockey, a lot like Street Hockey, in which the game is played on foot on a non-ice surface, and a ball is used instead of a hockey puck.
— competitive hot air ballooning is a test of accuracy, not speed. The
aim is to fly as close as possible to a target and drop a weighted
- a team sport played on ice using sticks to direct a ball into the
opposing team's goal, a precursor to ice hockey. A variation is Rink Bandy.
Banger Racing - racing event which is done on a dirt track using scrap cars
Bank Pool — a version of Pocket Billiards
- two individuals participate to fight against each other without
using boxing gloves or any other type of padding on their hands. Also
Barrel Racing - a rodeo event where participants and horses complete a clover-leaf pattern around barrels.
Baseball - a bat and ball game in which the aim is to hit the ball and score runs by running around four bases.
BASE Jumping - involves parachuting from a structure or cliff, with competitions based on landing accuracy.
Basketball - players attempt to shoot the ball through the hoop on the opponent’s court, , moving the ball by throwing and dribbling.
- the name for a variety of court sports which involves hitting a
ball against a wall using the hand, a racket, a wooden bat or a basket.
Other forms include Pala Corta, Rubber-paleta, Paleta-Leather, Xare, Cesta Punta, Frontenis, Hand-Pelota, Valencian Pilota, Valencian Frontó. Jai Alai is a variety of Basque Pelota.
- a bag ball game from Norway in which the ball is kept from landing in
the player's area, using any part of the body except the hands.
Bat-and-Trap - an English bat and ball game usuallt played in a pub
Baton Twirling - a metal rod called a baton, is manipulated, while simultaneously making coordinated dance moves
Bavarian Curling - another name for Ice Stock Sport
Beach Basketball - a version of basketball played on sand
Beach Handball — a variation of Handball, played on sand instead of indoors. This sport is sometimes called Sandball.
Beach Rugby - a version of rugby played on the sand
Beach Soccer - similar to association football but played on a beach or sand
Beach Tennis - a sport which has elements from tennis and volleyball, and played on the beach
Beach Volleyball— A version of Volleyball
played on and with teams of two players, in which a ball is hit by
hand over a high net, the aim being to score points by making the ball
reach the ground on the opponent's side of the court.
Beach Woodball — a version of Woodball
played on sand which involves using a mallet to pass a ball through
gates. The sport is in the program for the Asian Beach Games.
Beach Wrestling - a standing up position style of wrestling conducted on beach sand
Behcup - similar to putting in golf, though the balls are putted into a small goal and not into a hole.
Belt Wrestling - the aim is to knock down the opponent by grappling with their belt.
Benchpress - the barbell bench press is one of three lifts in the sport of powerlifting.
Participants lie on their back holding the weight on both hands, push
it upwards, and then lower the weight again to the chest level
Benchrest Shooting - a shooting sport where the participant shoots with a rifle at the bench
Biathle - consist of swimming and running as part of a single race. It is usually over a shoter distance than the similar Aquathlon.
Biathlon - a combination of cross-country skiing and rifle shooting
Bicycle Motocross (BMX) - a cycle sport which involves BMX bikes
Bicycle Polo - similar to Polo, though played on bicycles instead of horses.
Bikejoring - a single dog or a team of harnessed dogs pull along a rider on a bike
Billiards — billiards is the historical umbrella term for a range of cue sports, though in some countries it refers to the specific game of English Billiards.
Biribol - an aquatic version of volleyball.
Board track racing - a motorsport which was popular in the United Stated between the 1910s and 1920s
Boardercross - a snowboard competition on a course similar to motocross
Bobsleigh - winter sport on a sled making timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked, ice tracks.
Bocce - is part of the boules sport family, similar to bowls and pentanque.
Boccia - a ball sport similar to bocce, bowls, and pentanque for athletes with physical disabilities.
Bodyboarding - a water sport in which the surfer rides a bodyboard.
- participants show their developed muscular build through poses, and
are judged based on muscularity, conditioning, and symmetry.
Boli Khela - a form of wrestling which is practiced in Bangladesh and India.
Borden Ball - see Handball
Bossaball - played on an inflatable court with trampolines on each side of the net
Boßeln - see Klootschieten
Bouldering - a type of rock climbing which is done without the use of a harness
a general term of a large range of sports in which the player rolls a
ball to knock down objects. The most common variation is tenpin.
Bowls (see Lawn Bowls)
Box lacrosse - a version of lacrosse which is played on a smaller indoor arena (box), with six players in each team.
Boxing - a combat sport in which two players throw punches at each other.
Brännboll - a Scandinavian game which has similarities to rounders, but with no pitcher
Breaststroke - one of the major swimming strokes
British Baseball - a bat-and-ball game played in Wales and England similar to rounders
Broomball - a game like ice hockey played with a broom
Bull Fighting - involves one or more bulls which are being fought in a bullring
Bull Riding — a rodeo sport, which involves a rider getting on a large bull and attempting to stay mounted while the animal attempts to buck them off.
Butterfly stroke — one of the major swimming stroke styles
- a Central Asian sport like polo in which riders on horses attempt to
drag a goat carcass toward the goal. There is a variant known as
kokpar which is quite similar.
Calcio Fiorentino - an early form of football which was developed in 16th century Italy
Calva - a traditional Spanish sport in which you knock down a piece of wood.
Camel Racing - racing camels with a jockey like in horse racing.
Camel Jumping - the objective of the sport is to clean jump a group of camels that are stacked together horizontally.
Cammag - a sport similar to shinty or hurling from the Isle of Man.
Camogie - the female version of hurling played in Ireland.
Campdrafting - from Australia, involving a horse and a rider working cattle
Canadian Football - a type of gridiron football which is played in Canada.
Candlepin Bowling - a type of bowling like tenpin bowling using candlepins and smaller balls
Caneball - another name for the Myanmar (Burmese) traditional sport of Chinlone
- like polo on water, the objective is to score by throwing or hitting a
ball through a goal suspended two meters above the water.
Canoeing - paddle sport in which the rider kneels or sits facing forward in a canoe
Capoeira - a form of martial art from Brazil which has a combination of aspects of dance moves, acrobatics, movements and music
Capture The Flag - the aim is to get the other team’s flag which is located their base.
Carom Billiards — A cue sport
played on a felt covered table with cues and billiard balls, in which
the object is to score points by caroming your cue ball off both the
opponent's cue ball and the object ball(s) with a single shot. There are
a large range of disciplines include Artistic Billiards, Three-Cushion Billiards, Five-Pin Billiards, Balkline, Straight Rail, Cushion Caroms, Four-Ball.
Casting - fishing without fish, the objective is to test the accuracy and distance of a cast.
Cheerleading — a dubious sport in which groups of cheerleaders do routines that are subjectively assessed.
Chessboxing - a combination of chess and boxing
Chilean Rodeo - two riders on horseback try to stop a calf.
Chinese Handball - a form of American handball which is popular in the streets of NY, similar to Wallball.
Chinlone - the traditional sport of Burma or Myanmar, a team sport combined with dance (also known as Caneball).
Chuckwagon Racing - a chuckwagon is pulled by four thoroughbred horses around a track
Clay Pigeon Shooting - shooters try to shoot flying targets like the clay pigeons or clay targets
Clean and Jerk - one of the events of weight lifting competition.
- a form of Archery, similar to Target Archery, except you aim at a
flag among a group of concentric circular scoring zones from long
Collegiate Wrestling - a wrestling style practiced exclusively in the United States at a collegiate level
Competitive Eating - involves participants competing on who can consume the most food in a short period of time
- a sport derived from baseball with a smaller ball which can be
played in a much smaller field (often referred as mini-baseball)
Cowboy Action Shooting - involves shooting targets with a variety of guns that were typical of the late 19th century
Cowboy Mounted Shooting - involves shooting at targets while riding a horse
Cowboy Polo — similar to regular Polo, though riders compete with western saddles, usually in a smaller arena and with an inflatable rubber medicine ball.
Court Tennis - another name for Real Tennis
or Crab Football - football with players supporting themselves on
their hands and their feet, face up, which makes them look like crabs.
Crazy Golf — a common name for Minigolf
- a team sport played on a rectangular pitch in the centre of a large
grass oval, two batters protect their wicket while the fielding team try
to get them out. Forms include Test, One-Day and T20.
Croquet - hit plastic or wooden balls using a malle through hoops (known as wickets in the USA)
Cross Country Skiing - races over snow-covered terrain using skis
Cross-Country Mountain Biking - off road cycling races over rough terrain
Cross-Country Rally - another name for Rally Raid, an extended form of offf-road rally racing
Cross-country Running - distance running races over natural terrain
— is a strength and conditioning program created in the US in 2000,
involving short but high-intensity workouts comprised of functional
exercises. Not really a sport, but they do organize fitness competitions
such as the CrossFit Games.
(Billiards) — a general term for a large range of indoor sports played
on a felt top table, with or without pockets. Examples include Pocket Billiards (Pool) and Snooker.
Cup Stacking - see Sport Stacking
Curling - players slide stones on a sheet of ice towards the target area
Cushion Caroms — a cue sport and Carom Billiards discipline,
played on a pocketless table with two white balls and a red ball. The
aim is to carom off of both object balls with at least one rail being
struck before the hit on the second object ball.
Cycling - there are a large range of sports involving riding a bicycle
Cycle Polo — see Bicycle Polo
Cycle Speedway - replicating motor speedway using bicycles
Cyclo-Cross - a type of bicycle racing, a winter sport performed over various terrain
Dancesport — Dancesport is the competitive form of Ballroom and Latin Dancing, in which contestants perform dances before judges.
Dartchery - a combination of darts and archery, using bows and arrows typically used for archery, but the target is a dart board.
Darts - a throwing game in which small missiles are thrown at a target, which is called a dartboard
- a powerlifting event where participants lift a loaded barbell off
the ground to the hips, and then lower it back to the ground
Deaf Basketball - basketball which is played by deaf people. Players use sign language to communicate with each other including the refs.
Decathlon - track and field event comprising 10 events
Disc Dog - dog frisbee competitions of distance catching and choreographed freestyle catching
Disc Golf - frisbee golf, the objective is to traverse a course from start to end with the fewest number of throws of the disc.
Disc Sports - various sports or games played using flying discs (frisbees)
Discus - athletes attempt to throw a heavy discus far as they can
Diving - an aquatic sport where athletes divs into water from a raised launch pad, while performing acrobatic movements.
Dodgeball - teams throw balls at each other while trying to avoid the balls.
Dog Racing - greyhounds chase a lure around a track
Dog Sledding - teams of sled dogs pull a sled with the driver
Dog Sports - general term for sporting activities that involve dogs
Downhill Skiing - participants slide down a snow-covered hill using skis with fixed bindings
Downhill Mountain Biking - biking sport which is held on steep and rough terrain
Drag boat racing - drag racing which is held on water with boats
Drag racing - automobiles or motorcycles race down a straight track
Dragon boat racing - a paddling sport using a dragon boat
Dressage - an equestrian sport in which riders and horses perform from memory a series of predetermined events.
Drone Racing - competitors race with specially built multi-rotor drones around a natural or specifically designed course (not a sport).
or Drunkard's Boxing Zui Quan. It is a concept in traditional Chinese
martial arts, as well as a classification of modern Wushu forms.
Duathlon - similar to triathlon, running first, then cycling, then running again
Duckpin bowling - a type of 10-pin bowling, though with smaller balls
Dumog — a Filipino style of wrestling while standing upright
Eight-Ball - Eight-ball is a cue sport, which is one of the most popular variants of pool, using 15 colored balls numbered from 1 to 15.
Eight-man Football - a mini version of American Football played by high schools with smaller enrollments
Elephant Polo — a form of Polo, played on the back of Elephants instead of on horseback.
- a motorsport where teams of two or four race for long distances,
that tests their endurance, and also the durability of their vehicles.
Endurance Riding - an equestrian discipline, where riders and horses compete in races over very long distances.
Endurance Running - track and field running races over distances of 3kms and greater
— a motorcycle sport with main objective to traverse a series of
checkpoints, arriving exactly at a predetermined time. The courses are
usually run over thick wooded terrain, sometimes with large obstacles.
Endurocross - hybrid sport combining of elements from Supercross, Enduro, and Trials (also called or indoor enduro)
English Billiards — sometimes just called Billiards,
requires two cue balls and a red object ball. The game features both
cannons (caroms) and the pocketing of balls as objects of play, scoring
points for each of these. See Cue Sports.
Equestrian Vaulting - a gymnastics and dance discipline done on horseback
e-Sports - another name for Gaming
Eton Fives - a handball sport derived from the English sport Fives
European (Team) Handball — another name for the sport of Handball
Eventing - riders compete in three types of races, dressage, cross-country and show jumping, in a single competition.
Expedition racing — an endurance event combining two or more disciplines. More commonly called Adventure Racing.
Fast Pitch Softball
- the competitve form of softball, where the pitcher's arm rotates 360
degrees around the shoulder until the ball is released from the hand.
Fast5 - a variation of netball, formerly known as Fastnet, with only 5 players per team.
Fell Running - running races done off road and mostly uphill
Fencing - Two fencers face each other and attempt to touch each other with the tip of a thin sword.
Field Archery — a form of Archery which involves shooting at targets of varying distance, often in rough terrain.
Field Handball — the orginal version of Handball, played outdoors on a larger field and more players. It is also known as Outdoor Handball or Grass Handball.
Field Hockey - played outdoors on turf, players hit a hard round ball though goals using sticks with curved ends.
Field Lacrosse - a full contact outdoor men's version of lacrosse
Field Target - an outdoor air gun discipline
Fierljeppen - contestants using a long pole, vault across a canal. Also called Canal Jumping.
Figure Skating - an artistic ice skating sport where athletes perform routines on an ice rink. Includes the disciplines of Ice Dancing and Synchronized Skating.
Finnish Skittles - opposing players take turns to knockdown their opponent's skittles.
Finswimming - an underwater swimming sport where athletes race against each while wearing breathing apparatus.
Fishing — usually a recreational activity, though when in competition it can be a sport. See Sport Fishing
Fistball - an outdoor team sport similar to volleyball
Fisticuffs — another name for bare knuckle boxing.
Five-a-Side Football - each team fields five players a smaller pitch, smaller goals, and a reduced game duration
Five-pin bowling - a bowling variant from Canada with smaller balls and only 5 pins
Five-Pin Billiards — a Carom Billiards discipline
popular in Italy and Argentina, in which points are agined by using
one's cue ball to cause the opponent's cue ball to knock over pins.
- an English sport in which a ball is propelled against the walls in a
specially designed court by using a bare or gloved hand.
- similar to American football but instead of tackling players the
defensive team have to remove a flag from the ball carrier.
Flight Archery - a form of archery in which the aim is to shoot the arrow as far as possible.
Floor (Gymnastics) - gymnasts perform a tumbling and dance routine on a floor space
- refers to a collection of indoor hockey sports which were derived
from various hockey codes, played on dry, flat floor surfaces such as a
gymnasium or basketball court.
Floorball - a type of floor hockey sport played indoors, popular in Nordic countries
Footbag - group of sports that is named after the ball ("Footbag") that is used to play the sport. Sports include Freestyle and Footbag Net.
Footbag Net - players have to kick a footbag over a 5ft high net.
Football — Around the world, Football mostly refers to Association Football, also known as Soccer in some places. In the USA, Football refers to American Football (Gridiron). In Australia, Football refers to Australian Rules Football.
Football Tennis - also known as futnet, played by kicking a ball over a low net.
Footgolf - a mix of golf and football, where players use football skills to kick a ball into holes
Footpool - novelty version of billiards using and oversized table amd soccer balls.
Footvolley - like beach volleyball though you can only use your feet
Formula Racing - motor racing using open-wheeled single seat vehicles
Four Square - school yard ball game played in a quadrant.
Four-Ball — a Carom Billiards discipline,
played on a pocketless table with four balls (2 red, 2 white), where a
point is scored when a player caroms on any two other balls, and two
points are scored when the player caroms on each of the three other
balls. A variant played in Asia is called Yotsudama.
Freediving - underwater diving which completely relies on the diver’s capability to hold its breath
Freestyle BMX - stunt riding sport using BMX bikes.
Freestyle Footbag - performing various tricks with a footbag.
Freestyle Motocross — competition based upon points for acrobatic ability on an MX bike over jumps. See also Motocross.
- different forms of freestyle skiing including Aerial skiing, Mogul
skiing, Ski ballet, Ski cross, Half-pipe skiing, Slopestyle skiing
- competitors ride on the snowboard and do the tricks along with
descending on the snow covered slopes to earn maximum scores.
Freestyle Swimming - in these events competitors can swim using any stroke of their choice.
Freestyle Wrestling - the objective is to pin down the opponent's shoulders on to the mat, the legs are allowed to be used
Frescoball (see Matkot)
Fricket - a ‘two-on-two’ flying disc game. Also known as disc cricket, cups, suzy sticks and crispy wickets.
Frisian Handball - similar to American handball and Fives
Frontenis - a sport using rackets and a rubber ball on a ‘pelota court’
Fullbore target rifle - using rifles, shooters hit the paper targets in prone position
Fußball (also spelled Fussball) — this is the German name for (Association) Football, and also the name used for
Futsal - a variant of association football played on a smaller field usually indoors.
Fuzzball - a street version of baseball played in some regions of the US.
Gaelic Football - a contact sport which originated in Ireland
Gaelic Handball - a wall based sport, played in Ireland, similar to squash though the ball is hit with the hand.
- a team sport played with a wooden mallet and wooden balls. Each
player attempts to strike their allocated ball through all the gates and
finally strike the goal pole.
Gliding - an air sport in which pilots use an unpowered aircraft
Glima — a wrestling style from Scaninavia, based on a popular sport of the Vikings from over 1200 years ago.
Goalball - a paralympic sport for blind athletes using a ball with bells
Golf - players use a club to hit balls into a series of holes on a course, using the fewest number of strokes.
Gorodki - a folk sport from Russia, where competitors strike down a group of cylindrical wooden objects by throwing a bat.
Grass Skiing - involves skiing on grass covered slopes on skis with wheels
Greco-Roman Wrestling - In this wrestling style, competitors are prohibited from holding any part of the opponent’s body below the waist.
Greyhound Racing - a dog sport also called dog racing
Gridiron Football — the term used outside of the US for American Football.
Group Gymnastics - a team sport where a large group of gymnasts perform coordinated continuous movements
Guts - a disc sport derived from dodgeball, where players try to strike their opponents with a frisbee
Gymkhana - a multi-game equestrian event which is performed to display the talents of the horses and their riders.
Gymnastics - a range of sports combining tumbling and acrobatic feats, usually done with apparatus. Two main sports: Rhythmic Gymnastics and Artistic Gymnastics.
Hammer throw — an Olympic track and field event in which a heavy weight at the end of a wire is thrown for distance.
— a sport ususally played indoors between teams of seven players, who
pass a ball to throw it into the goal of the other team. Also known as Team Handball, Olympic Handball, European (Team) handball or Borden ball. Variations include Beach Handball, Czech Handball and Field Handball.
Hang Gliding - a type of air sport in which the rider flies a non-motorized aircraft which is called a hang glider
Harness Racing - horses trot or pace while pulling a driver in a sulky.
Horizontal Bar - artistic gymnastics event also known as high bar, where athletes perform aerial stunts on a horizontal bar.
High jump — an Olympic Track and Field event in which the participants attempt to jump over the highest bar.
High Power Rifle - shooting competition using rifles such as the service rifle
— riding on a motorcycle, one competitor at a time attempts to ride up a
very steep hill. The rider to reach the top (if anyone makes it) with
the shortest elapsed time wins. There is also a car version of this
sport, Hillclimbing (see point below).
Hillclimbing - car drivers race on an uphill course in a time trial format
Hockey - a large range of indoor and outdoor team sports which involves hitting a ball into a net. See Ice Hockey and Field Hockey
Hornussen - a traditional Swiss sport (farmer's golf), where the hornusser knocks a nut through the air with a long flexible rod.
Horse Polo - the traditional polo sport. Polo is also played on other animals such as Elephants and Yaks.
Horse Racing - equestrian sport which involves jockeys riding horses or being pulled aloong by horses
— The sport is like a combination of Polo, Rugby and Basketball, played
on horseback where a ball is carried and shot through a high net to
score. A similar sport is Pato.
Horseshoes - players toss horseshoes alternately at stakes in the ground.
Hot Air Ballooning - see Ballooning
Hunting - an activity which involves tracking and killing animals with various weapons (not a sport?)
Hurdles (Track and Field)
Hurling - a Gaelic outdoor team sport where players to use a wooden stick to hot a ball between the opposing team’s goalposts.
Hydroplane Racing - racing of hydroplanes on oval course mostly on lakes or rivers
Ice Climbing - athletes climb vertical ice formations with the uses of ropes and other protective gears.
Ice Cross Downhill - an extreme winter racing sport which involves direct racing of multiple skaters on a downhill course.
Ice Dancing - one of the events in Figure Skating, which has its roots in ballroom dancing
Ice Hockey - a contact sport which is played on ice while earing skates and using a stick to hit a puck into a goal.
Ice Racing - racing of motorized vehicles on predominantly natural ice surfaces like frozen lakes or rivers.
Ice Speedway— similar to Motorcycle Speedway Racing,
though using bikes developed specifically for racing on ice. The bikes
race anti-clockwise around oval tracks between 260 and 425 meters in
Ice Skating - there are a range of sports that utilize ice skating, such as ice hockey, figure skating and speed skating.
Ice Stock Sport - a winter sport that is similar to curling. Also called Bavarian Curling.
Ice Yachting - sail boats called ice yachts are used to race on frozen lakes and rivers
Indoor Cricket - a modified version of cricket played indoor with nets for walls.
Indoor Field Hockey - indoor team sport that was derived from field hockey.
Indoor Netball - a variation of netball, payed indoors with netting all around the court.
Indoor Soccer - an indoor version of Association Football developed in North America.
Inline Hockey - similar to ice hockey, players move around on an wooden or concrete surface wearing inline skates
- also known as roller blading, a variety of sports performed while
wearing skates with two to five polyurethane wheels arranged in a
Inline Speed Skating - athletes use inline skates to race around tracks
Intercrosse - a non-contact version of lacrosse
International Fronton - played by striking a ball onto a wall with bare hands, using rules adapted from many wall ball sports.
- a team sport that is played by striking a ball with hands, created
so that players from similar handball sports could play against each
International Rules Football
Irish Road Bowling
Ironman Surflifesaving - combines four major aspects of surflifesaving into a single race
Jai Alai — a sport derived from Basque Pelota, usually played indoors. Popular in many Latin American countries.
Javelin - track and field event involving throwing a spear like implement as far as possible
- a high speed boat racing sport in which a team of two riders, race
through a course by themselves in a time-trial format (also known as
sprint boat racing)
- a popular French forms of Boules, where the objective is to throw a
set of hollow metal balls as close as possible to a target ball.
- a traditional Chinese national sport, where players aim to keep an
shuttlecock type object (called a Jianzi) in the air by striking it
predominantly with legs.
Joggling - running (jogging) races while juggling
Jokgu - a Korean sport which resembles a mix of football and volleyball
Jorkyball - a type of indoor soccer on a small rectangular filed surrounded by glass walls
Judo - the objective is to throw or takedown the opposing player to the ground
Jujutsu— a Japanese martial art using close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent, with ony a short weapon or none at all.
Kabaddi - a "raider" enters the opposite team's half to tag opponents without taking a breath.
Kaisa — a cue sport (type carom billiards) mainly played in Finland. (also known as Karoliina)
- a martial art developed in Japan which uses punching, kicking,
knee strikes, elbow strikes, and some open-hand techniques
Kayaking - boat races using a small, narrow boat propelled by means of a double-bladed paddle
Kegel - a German nine-pin bowling game played in Australia
Kelly Pool - type of pocket billiard game played on a standard pool table, with fifteen numbered markers which player select from
Kemari - Japanese traditional sport with the aim to keep one ball in the air.
Kendo - a form of Japanese martial art that originated from kenjutsu, and involves thrusts and strikes.
Kho Kho - team that takes lesser time to tag all the opponent players wins the game.
Kickball - a type of baseball where the players kick the ball, instead of striking it with a bat
Kickboxing — a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching. Variations include Pradal Serey (Cambodia), Sanda (China), Savate (France), Sikaran (Philippines)
Kilikiti - a traditional Tuvalu sport similar to cricket
Kin-Ball - played with three teams and a very big ball
Ki-o-rahi - a traditional New Zealand Maori game played on a circular field
Kite Fighting - battle to cut the lines on the opponents' kites
Kite Landboarding - using a kite and wind power to manoeuver a huge skateboard type board over land.
Kite Boarding - a group of sports which use a kite for power and a board for support, such as Kitesurfing, Kite Landboarding, Snowkiting.
Kitesurfing - a board and kite are used on the water utilizing different styles consisting of freeride, speed, down winders and racing.
Kilikiti - a traditional Samoan and Tuvalu sport similar to cricket
Klootschieten - German sport in which participants throw a ball as far as they can.
Kneeboarding - a waterskiing event where a participant is pulled along while kneeling on a convex board
Knife Throwing - a combat sport requiring throwing knives
Korfball - a mixed gender ball sport which is similar to netball and basketball, developed in The Netherlands.
- a team sport from Flanders, where points are scored by throwing the
ball using a neck or back throw into the opponent’s goal area.
Kubb - a lawn game where the object is to knock over wooden blocks ('kubbs') by throwing wooden batons at them.
— folk wrestling style from Central Asia in which wrestlers use towels
to hold their opponents, and their goal is to throw their opponents off
a team game, originally played by North American Indians, in which the
ball is thrown, caught, and carried with a long-handled stick with a
piece of shallow netting at one end. Versions include Field Lacrosse, Box Lacrosse, Women's Lacrosse.
— from Southern India, this game involves a ball and a pile of flat
stones. A member of one team throws a soft ball at a pile of stones to
knock them over, then try to restore the pile of stones while the
opposing team throws the ball at them (also known as Lingocha).
— racing in a three-wheeled vehicles moving across land powered by
wind through the use of a sail. Also known as sand yachting or land
Land Speed Records
— in various vehicle classes, competitors attempt to create the fastest
time over a fixed distance. Two runs are required in opposite
directions within one hour to set a new mark.
Land Windsurfing — similar to traditional Windsurfing
though performed on land rather than water, using a four-wheeled deck
to travel across the surface. Also known as "Terrasailing", "street
sailing", "land sailing" and "dirt windsurfing"
a Russian traditional bat and ball game. The aim of the game is to hit a
ball, served by a player of the opposite team, with a bat as far as
possible, then run across the field, and if possible back again.
— a skirmish sport in which players attempt to score points by tagging
targets, typically with a hand-held infrared-emitting targeting device.
Lawn Bowls — the objective is to roll biased balls so that they stop close to a smaller ball called a "jack" or "kitty".
Lawn Mower Racing - motorsport where participants use race-modified lawnmowers.
Legends Car Racing — a racing sport using identical
spec vehicles, with bodyshells made of 5/8-scale replicas of American
automobiles from the 1930s and 1940s and powered by a Yamaha motorcycle
Lelo Burti — a Georgian folk sport, a full contact ball game very similar to rugby.
Lethwei — an unarmed Burmese martial art similar to other kickboxing styles from the region.
an outdoor sport that combines orienteering, art, and puzzle solving.
Small weatherproof boxes are hidden in publicly accessible places (like
parks) and clues are distributed to finding the box. Similar to GeoCaching.
Long Jump — a track and field event where the participant attempts to jump the longest into a sand pit. See also the similar Triple Jump.
Longboarding — a skateboarding sport in which athletes use a longboard to compete in races
Longue Paume - an outdoor version of the racket sport, jeu de paume, played without a net
— a Winter Olympic sport in which competitors race down an ice track in
a small one- or two-person sled lying supine (face up) and feet-first.
— competitons involving many different events, including log rolling,
chopping, timed hot (power) saw and bucksaw cutting, and pole climbing.
Marathon - a distance running athletics event over 42.2 km
- a large team of participants play musical instruments as they
perform various routines while moving around on an huge outdoor field
Martial Arts - a tradition of combat practices
Matkot - a sport which is very similar to beach tennis
Medieval Football— Alternative names include Folk Football, Mob Football and Shrovetide Football. Versions include Ba game, Caid, Calcio Fiorentino, Camping, Chester-le-Street, Cnapan, Cornish Hurling, Haxey Hood, La Soule, Lelo burti, Mob football, Royal Shrovetide Football, Uppies and Downies.
Metallic Silhouette Shooting - players compete to test their skills by shooting at silhouette metal targets.
Metro Footy - a modified version of Australian football played on rectangular field, predominantly in the USA.
Minigolf or Miniature Golf — a game utilizing only the putting aspect of Golf,
played on short holes on artificial putting surfaces often with
obstacles. Officially called minigolf, but also can be called by the
name miniature golf, mini-golf, midget golf, goofy golf, shorties,
extreme golf, put put, crazy golf, adventure golf, mini-putt and many
Mini Rugby - a modified version for Rugby Union, to make the sport suitable to be introduced to children
Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) - a full contact individual combat sport which include aspects of several other combat
sports and martial arts.
Mob Football - A type of Medieval Football, usually an annual traditional event with a ball, unlimited number of players and very few rules.
Mölkky - players use a wooden pin (also called "mölkky") to try to knock over wooden pins.
— a folk wrestling style from the Mongolian region, in which the aim
is to get your opponent to touch his upper body, knee or elbow to the
Moscow Broomball - a variation of Broomball, an ice hockey type sport, played in Moscow and only by non-Russians
Moto-Ball — another name for Motorcycle Polo
Motocross — a form of motorcycle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits which include embankments and jumps. See also Freestyle Motocross.
Motorcycling Road Racing —
a motorcycle sport involving racing motorcycles as teams or
individuals around a circular track. At the elite level it is in the
form of MotoGP racing. Also known as Moto racing and Bike racing.
— a motorcycle time trial sport around cones on a paved area. The
winner is the competitor who completes the course in the shortest time.
Time penalties are incurred by putting a foot down, hitting a cone, or
going outside the designated area. It is similar to car Autocross.
Motorcycle Polo —also called Moto-Ball.
The competition is similar to association football, though the ball is
much bigger and all players (except goalkeepers) are riding motorcycles.
Motorcycle Speedway — a Motorsport
in which the motorcycles have one gear and no brakes, and race around a
circular strack. Also commonly known by just Speedway. Variations
includes Ice Speedway.
— a test of skill on a motorcycle whereby the rider attempts to cover
rocky terrain without placing a foot on the ground. The winner is the
rider with the least penalty points. Known in the US as "Observed
— includes a wide range of sports, each linked with its use of a motor
to propel a driver, and all have an element of thrill and danger for
the driver and spectator.
Mountain Biking - held on steep and rough terrain, involving jumps, rock gardens, and other obstacles.
Mountain Unicycling — an adventure sport that consists of traversing rough terrain on a unicycle.
Mountainboarding — an action board sport like a snowboard with wheels or a cross-country skateboard. It is also known as Dirtboarding, Offroad Boarding, and All-Terrain Boarding (ATB).
- a full contact fighting sport in which fighters try to defeat their
opponents by using different techniques that make use of fists,
elbows, knees, and shins.
Mud Bogging - an off-road motorsport which involves driving a vehicle through a muddy course
Muggle Quidditch - the playable version of the sport of Quidditch invented for the Harry Potter books.
Naginatajutsu — a Japanese martial art of wielding the naginata, a weapon resembling the medieval European glaive.
— a team game with seven players on a side, similar to basketball
except that players are restricted to certain sections of the court, and
a player receiving the ball must stand still until they have passed it
to another player.
Newcomb Ball — an early variation of Volleyball, Teams throw ball back and forth until ball hits floor or is mishandled.
Nine-a-side Footy — a mini version of Australian Rules Football, with 3 players each designated as forwards, centres and backs.
Nine-Ball — a version of Pocket Billiards
Nine-Man Football — a variation of American Football for smaller schools
Nine Pin Bowling — a variation of bowling with only 9 pins set up in a diamond pattern.
Ninjutsu — The traditional Japanese art of the Ninjas -
incorporating stealth, camouflage and sabotage, now practiced as a
Nordic Combined — a Winter Olympics sport in which athletes compete in a combined event of Cross-CountrySkiing and Ski Jumping.
— a field of competitive skiing which includes all events where the
heel of the boot cannot be fixed to the ski (as opposed to Alpine skiing). Includes Cross-CountrySkiing, Ski Jumping, and Biathlon, Nordic Combined and Telemark Skiing.
Northern Praying Mantis — a style of Chinese martial arts, sometimes called Shandong Praying Mantis.
— a national sport in Latvia, with similarities to carrom and pocket
billiards. Played on a 1 meter square wooden board with pockets in each
corner. A small cue stick is used to strike a puck to hit small discs
into the pockets.
Offroad Boarding — another name for Mountainboarding
Off-Road Racing — many motor sports have competitions 'off-road', meaning on rough terrain
Oil Wrestling — a form of wrestling called Yağlı Güreş in Turkey, is where the wrestlers cover themselves in oil.
Oină – a
Romanian traditional sport, similar in many ways to Baseball and Lapta
played outdoors by two teams of 11 players, taking turns either batting
Okinawan Kobudō — weapon systems of Okinawan martial arts, also known as Ryūkyū Kobujutsu.
One Day International (ODI) — a form of Cricket played in a single day, usually 50 overs per team. An even shorter version is the Twenty20.
One-Pocket — a version of Pocket Billiards
— participants find their way to various checkpoints across rough
country with the aid of a map and compass, the winner being the one with
the lowest elapsed time.
Outdoor Handball — another name for Field Handball
— racing using a type of canoe featuring one or more lateral support
floats known as outriggers, which are fastened to one or both sides of
the main hull.
– a bat-and-ball sport related to baseball and softball with just 3
people per team. Unlike the other sports, the batter and pitcher are on
the same team.
Oztag — a form of Tag Rugby
Paddle Tennis - a variation of tennis on a smaller court, lower net, using a solid paddle and ball.
Paddleball (1 wall) - a small rubber ball is hit against single wall with a solid paddle.
Paddleball (4 wall) - like raquetball/squash but played with a solid paddle racket.
Padel - a mix of tennis and squash, played on a much smaller court with walls and a solid paddle racket.
— a skirmish sport in which players compete to eliminate opponents by
tagging them with capsules containing water soluble dye propelled from
Paleta Frontón - a wall based racquet sport that originated in Peru
Pall mall - a lawn game which was played between the 1500's and the 1600's
Palla - a traditional street game played in villages of Italy.
Pankration (Amateur) - A modern version of the Ancient Olympic sport of Pankration.
Parachuting - Also known as skydiving, involving jumping from an aircraft with just a parachute
Para-Climbing — Sport Climbing for disabled athletes.
Paragliding - riders using para-gliders perform cross country or acrobatic maneuvers.
- an artistic gymnastics discipline performed by men which
comprises predominantly of swings and vaults with two parallel bars.
Paralympic football - the adaptation of association football for disabled athletes
Paralympic volleyball - also known as sitting volleyball is for disabled athletes.
Pärk (or Paerk) - an outdoor team sport that originated in Gotland, where players hit or kick the ball to gain field position.
Parkour - involving overcoming obstacles in an urban space
Patball - school yard game played with hands or head for hitting the ball against a wall
Pato — a cross between Polo and Basketball played on horseback. It is the national sport of Argentina. A similar sport is Horseball.
— a form of wrestling from South Asia. A win is achieved by pinning the
opponent's shoulders and hips to the ground simultaneously.
Pelota mixteca - an ancient game similar to tennis without a net, the ball is hit with decorated gloves.
Pencak Silat - a fighting sport from Indonesia which collectively encompasses martial arts of various styles
Pesäpallo — a Finnish variation of Baseball, the major difference is that the ball is pitched vertically.
Pétanque - a type of boules in which the objective is to throw hollow metal balls towards a small wooden target ball.
Peteca - played by hitting the shuttlecock with your hand over a high net.
Pickleball - a non-contact racket sport which is similar to badminton, tennis, and table tennis
Ping Pong - see Table Tennis
Pitch and Putt - like golf, but on shorter holes and only a putter and a wedge is allowed.
Pocket Billiards — also known as Pool, it is the name for a range of cue sports
played on a table with six pockets along the rails, into which the
main aim is to hit balls into the pockets. There are hundreds of pool
games - popular versions include Eight-Ball and Nine-Ball, as well as Ten-Ball, Straight Pool, One-Pocket and Bank Pool.
Pole Climbing - involves climbing very high wooden poles
Pole Vault - an athletics event in which a competitor leaps over a bar using a flexible pole.
(Horse Polo) — a team sport played on horseback in which the objective
is to hit a ball into a goal using a long-handled mallet. Variations
include Snow Polo, Elephant Polo, Cycle Polo, Yak Polo, Cowboy Polo.
Polocrosse - an equestrian sport combining the sports of lacrosse and polo
Pommel Horse - a male artisitic gymnastics event in which the gymnast performs routines atop a symbolic horse.
Pond Hockey - a version of ice hockey played on a natural frozen body of water
Pool — a common name for the cue sport of Pocket Billiards
Popinjay - a shooting sport with either bows or rifles
Power hockey - ice hockey played on an electric wheelchair
Power Boat Racing - ocean-going powerboats races against each other
Powerchair Football - indoor football for people in wheelchairs.
Powerlifting - tests of strength on three lifts: dead lift, bench press and squat.
Practical shooting - dynamic shooting sport using handguns and moving and shooting over obstacles
Pradal Serey — a type of kickboxing from from Cambodia. Also known as Kun Khmer
Prizefighting — another name for bare knuckle boxing.
— an endurance sports event composed of the four individual disciplines
of swimming, kayaking, cycling and running - also called quadriathlon.
Quidditch - the sport invented for the Harry Potter books has been adapted for the real world. See Muggle Quidditch
Race Walking - competitors attempt to outrace one another without running
Racketlon - a combination sport, where players compete in the sports of table tennis, tennis, squash, and badminton
Racquetball - a squash type game involving hitting a hallow rubber ball using a stringed racket
Racquets / Rackets - a sport similar to squash
Rallycross - automobile sprint racing held on a closed racing circuit using rally type cars.
Rally Racing (car) - auto racing that mainly happens either on unpaved roads in races against the clock.
Rally Raid - an extended form of rally racing, conducted on an off-road course which spans across one or more countries.
Rally Racing (motorbike) — a navigation event on
motorbikes on public roads whereby competitors must visit a number of
checkpoints in diverse locations while still obeying road traffic laws.
- the sport from which the modern lawn tennis was derived. It is played
in an indoor court of asymmetric dimensions, using rules and scoring
similar to those of modern tennis.
Rec Footy - an accessible non-contact version of Australian Football.
Reining - equestrian riders guide their horses through a precise pattern of spins, circles and stops
Rhythmic Gymnastics - uses the elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation.
Ringball - a court game from South Africa very similar to netball.
Ringette - a very similar sport to ice hockey, though played with a blue rubber ring and a straight stick.
Rings - gymnastics routine using a pair of rings, that are suspended by straps.
Rink bandy - a variation of Bandy which originated in Sweden in the 1960s, played on an ice hockey rink. See also Rink Ball.
Rink Hockey - a roller hockey sport
Rinkball — very similar to Rink Bandy, though played with ice hockey sticks instead of bandy sticks which are more like those used in field hockey.
- a team sport from Lithuania, played on a football field with goal
posts with a puck thrown by bat with a handle and curved elongated end.
Road Bicycle Racing - cycle races held on paved roads, usually over several hours or days.
Road Bowling - throw a small ball along a road, to cover a prescribed distance with a set number of throws.
Robot Combat - involves custom built remote control machines fighting each other (not a sport).
- sporting competitions involve robot machines battling other robots,
often replicating the rules and equipment of sports (not a sport).
Robot Soccer - autonomous robots compete in football matches (not a sport).
Rodeo — a sporting event comprising many different sports, including the following Calf Roping, Breakaway roping, Team roping,
Barrel racing, Steer wrestling, Goat tying, Bronc riding, Bull Riding,
Steer roping and
Rogaining - involves cross-country navigation over long distances
Roller Derby - two teams compete while skating in the same direction around a track
Roller Hockey - includes traditional roller hockey (quad hockey or rink hockey played with quad stakes) and inline hockey (played with inline skates).
Roller Skating - there are a range of sports performed while wearing roller skates
Rope Climbing - competitors climb up a rope using their hands
Rope Jumping - involves a single person or more jumping over a rope that is being swung
Roque - an American variation of croquet played on a hard, smooth surface.
Rounders - played between two teams with a bat and ball, like baseball
Rowing - a sport in which competitors propel a boat using oars
Rugby Fives - an indoor court game played with gloves, hitting the ball against the wall
- a rough game involving tackling the players in a bid to get the
ball, with each team attempting to carry it over the end line
Rugby League Nines - like Rugby League, but with nine players
Rugby Sevens - like Rugby Union except with less players and over shorter time period.
- also known as ten-a-side and Xs, is a variant of rugby union that
originated in Malaysia, and is popular in many Asian countries.
Rugby Union - played on a grass field by two opposing teams with two H-shaped goalposts at opposite sides
Rundown (aka Pickle)
Running - running races can range from short sprints to ultra-marathons
Russian Fist Fighting — the traditional bare-knuckle boxing of Russia.
Russian Pyramid — a cue sport played in countries of the former Soviet Union. (also known simply as Pyramid(s), Russian billiards or Russian pool)
Sailing - a sport that involves moving a boat by using the power of the wind.
— a martial art developed for Russia's military and police force in the
1930s. The term translates as "self-defense without weapons".
Samoa Rules - a comnination of Australian Rules Football and Rugby Union
Sanda — A form of kickboxing from
China, which combines full-contact kickboxing, with wrestling,
takedowns, throws, sweeps, kick catches, and in some competitions, even
elbow and knee strikes. Also called Sanshou
Sandball — see Beach Handball
Sandboarding - involves sliding on sand while on board
Savate — a French version of kickboxing, in which only foot kicks are allowed
Schwingen — a style of folk wrestling native to Switzerland.
Scootering - doing tricks, over obstacles and terrains, on a scooter
Sculling Rowing - a form of rowing, in which a person uses oars, one in each hand, to propel a single or double scull rowing boat.
Segway Polo - similar to horse polo though players ride a segway PT
Sepak Takraw - an Asian sport like volleyball but using the feet to kick the ball over the net
Shooting - many events involving shooting at targets using guns like pistols and rifles
Shot put - throw a heavy metal ball for distance
Show Jumping - an equestrian event where riders on horseback attempt to jump cleanly through sets of obstacles within a specific time.
Shuffleboard - players uses cues to push and slide weighted discs along a long court into a scoring area
Sikaran — a form of kick boxing from the Philippines, which utilizes only the feet, the hands are only used for blocking.
- a sport from the Philippines in which the aim is to kick the ball
to the other side of the net on to the opponent’s side without it
touching the ground.
Six-Man Football - a modification of American football with 6 instead of 11 players.
Skateboarding - a rider balances and performs tricks using a skateboard
Skeet Shooting - one of the disciplines of clay pigeon shooting, targets are thrown in singles and doubles from two traps situated 40m apart.
Skeleton - participants ride a small sled down a frozen track facing forward with the face down.
- winter sport similar to ski jumping wherein the skier will come
down and take off from a ramp and fly the farthest possible distance.
Ski Jumping - a form of skiing wherein an athlete will take off a ramp and jump as high and far as possible.
Skirmish — a genral term for sports in which participants replicate firearm warfare. See Airsoft, Laser Tag and Paintball.
Skiboarding - like snow skiing, but with shorter and wider skis.
Skibobbing - a winter sport that uses a bicycle-type frame connected to skis called skibobs.
— traveling over a surface (snow, water, grass) on skis. There are a
wide range of sporting activities that fall under the term skiing.
Skijøring - being pulled either by a dog, a horse or a motor-operated vehicle while on skis
- a precursor to many bowling games, it is an indoor sport in a
bowling alley, using one or more heavy balls to knock down nine
Skydiving - see Parachuting
Skysurfing - a skydiver attaches a board to his feet during freefall
Slamball - a form of basketball using trampolines to get height to shoot the ball through the hoop.
Sledge Hockey - ice hockey on double-blade sledges for people with physical disabilities on the lower body.
Slopestyle - involves skiiing or snowboarding down a course of obstacles.
Slow-Pitch Softball - a version of Softball where the ball is pitched from 50 feet with a half a windmill underhand arm action.
Snatch - an event in the sport of weight lifting
Snooker— a Cue Sport played
on a table covered with a green cloth with six pockets. It is played
using a cue and 22 snooker balls: one white cue ball, 15 red balls and
six balls of different colors. Points are awarded for using the cue ball
to pot the red and colored balls.
Snowbiking - uses a bike on snow with ski blades instead of wheels
Snowboarding - involves descending on a slope covered in snow using a single board attached to both feet.
Snowkiting - a snow based, kite powered sport, while riding on a snowboard (Kite Boarding) or on snow skis (Kite Skiing)
Snow Polo — a variation of Polo, which is played on compacted snow on flat ground or a frozen lake.
Snowshoeing - racing in snow wearing snow shoes
— Traveling over a snow surface on skis. Competitive forms include
Alpine Skiing (or Downhill Skiing), and Cross-Country / Nordic Skiing.
Soccer — the common name for Association Football in the USA, Australia and some other parts of the world.
Soft Tennis - a version of the game of tennis played primarily in Asia, very similar except they play with soft balls.
Softball - There are three styles of softball: fast pitch, "modified" fast pitch, and slow pitch.
Speed Pool — a cue sport, a Pocket Billiards game where the balls must be pocketed in as little time as possible.
Speed Skating (Long Track) - ice skaters race head to head on a 400m oval track for a set distance, between 500 and 10,000 m.
Speed Skating (Short Track) - 4 to 8 skaters racing around an oval ice track towards the finish line
Speed Skiing - the objective is to ski downhill on a straight path as fast as possible.
Speed-Ball - an Egyptian racquet sport
Speedcubing - players solve single piece 3D puzzles in the quickest time possible.
Speedminton - badminton played with no net adapted to make it suitable for playing outdoors.
Speedway - motorsports around an oval track - forms include Motorcycle Speedway, Ice Speedway and Bicycle Speedway
- outdoor non-contact sport played on an ice rink in rubber boots with a
sponge puck instead of a hard puck like in ice hockey.
Sport Aerobics - the objective is to perform high intensity gymnastic moves in sync with background music.
Sport Climbing - rock climbing competitions, can be Lead Climbing, Speed Climbing or Bouldering
Sport Diving - aspects of scuba diving are performed in a swimming pool
— in competition fishing contestants compete for prizes based on the
total length or weight of a fish, usually of a pre-determined species,
caught within a specified timeframe.
Sport Kite - using a stunt kite to fly the kite in several patterns in tune with a background music
Sport Stacking - stack a number of plastic cups in a pre-determined sequence as fast as possible
Sporting Clays - one of the disciplines of clay pigeon shooting,
shooters move about a course, attempting to hit varying targets
projected at different angles, speed, elevation, and distances.
Sports Car Racing
Sprint (Athletics) — track and field running events over short distances, such as 100m, 200m, 400m.
Sprint Car Racing
Sprint Football - a USA varsity sport for lightweight players which emphasizes speed and agility.
Squash - a racquet sport played by two or four players in a four-walled court with a small hollow rubber ball.
Squash Tennis - derived from both squash and lawn tennis, played on a squash court with tennis rackets and balls.
Squat - a powerlifting event in which participants attempt to perform a squat with the maximum weight on their shoulders.
Ssireum — a folk wrestling style
and traditional national sport of Korea, with the aim to bring any part
of the opponent's body above the knee to the ground.
Stock car racing
Streetluge - participants race downhill feet first on a sort of modified skateboard.
Strongman - a sport which tests competitors' strength in a variety of different ways
Sumo Wrestling - two wrestlers within a circular ring try and push the other out
Surfing - participants stand on a surfboard, and use the waves for propulsion
Swamp Football - a version of association football played in bogs or swamps
Sweep Rowing - each rower has just one oar which is maneuvered with both hands to propel the boat.
Swimming - the sport of propelling oneself through water using the limbs.
Synchronized Swimming - athletes perform synchronized dance routines to music while floating in water.
Table Football - also called Fußball or Foosball, tries to replicate the game of Association Football on a table top.
(also called Ping Pong) - a racket sport played with small paddles and a
lightweight ball on a rectangular table with a net in the middle.
Taekkyeon — a traditional military Korean martial art, an ancestor of Taekwondo.
Points are scored by throwing (or tripping) the opponent to the ground,
pushing him out of the ring, or kicking him in the head.
Taekwondo - a self defense discipline that originated in Korea
— a team sport similar to touch rugby in which instead of a tackle a
velcro attached tag if pulled off the ball carrier. Similar in play to Touch Rugby. Also known as Flag Rugby. Played in several forms, such as OzTag and Mini Tag. American flag rugby played in the US K1-9 is a variation of Tag Rugby.
Target Archery — a popular Archery competition where copetitors shoot at stationary circular targets from different distances.
Target Shooting - guns of any type used for aiming at a target
T-Ball - an introductory sport for younger kids to baseball and softball, with ball hit off a stationary tee.
Team Handball — a commonly used name for the sport of Handball. (see Handball)
- The bindings for telemark skiing holds the boot by the toes, unlike
Alpine Skiing which is fixed-heel. Also known as free hill skiing and
Tennis - a court sport where players use a stringed racket to hit a ball to each other over a net
- an outdoor team sport, where players attempt to throw a tennis ball
through a goal defended by a goal keeper with a tennis racket. Also
Tenpin Bowling - a player rolls a bowling ball on to a wooden or synthetic lane to knock down pins
- the objective for a horse rider is to pierce, pick-up and carry a
target, with a lance or a sword, as they gallop towards the target.
Test Cricket - the longest form of cricket, played over 5 days
Tetherball - two players hit a ball attached by a rope to the top of a stationary pole
Thoroughbred Racing - horse racing sport which involves the racing of thoroughbred horses
Three sided football - a version of soccer played between three teams at once on a hexagonal pitch.
Three-Cushion Billiards — a very challenging cue sport and Carom Billiards discipline,
where the aim is to carom the cue ball off both object balls and
contact the rail cushions at least three times before the last object
ball. Also called three-cushion carom.
Throwball — a sport very similar to Newcomb Ball (a variation of Volleyball) that is played in India.
Toros Coleados (Bull-Tailing)
Touch Football - instead of tackling players to the ground, the person carrying the ball only needs to be touched.
Touch Rugby - a team sport derived from Rugby Football, in which the tackling is replaced with just a touch
Tower running - grueling races up tall man made structures. Also known as Stair Climbing.
Track Cycling - bicycle races conducted on velodromes or other specially designed tracks that feature a steep banking.
Track & Field— also known as athletics
Trampolining — perform acrobatics while jumping on a trampoline
Trap Shooting - one of the variants of clay pigeon shooting, where 1 or 2 targets are thrown away from traps situated 15m in front of the shooter.
Triathlon - an athletic competition, which consists of three events, usually swimming, cycling, and running in consecutive order.
— a track and field event where the participant attempts to hop, skip
and jump the longest. Also called the hop, skip and jump for obvious
reasons. Similar to the long jump.
Tug of War
Tumbling - a gymnatics event involving tumbling along a mat performing flips, rolls, jumps, performing somersaults and handsprings.
Twenty20 - a fast paced limited over cricket match played 20 overs per team. Also known as T20 Cricket.
Ultimate Discus — played with a disc (frisbee), with points scored by passing the disc to a teammate in the opposing end zone.
Ultralight Aviation — events with of lightweight aircraft which have 1 or 2 seat fixed-wings.
— very long distance endurance events, ranging from greater than
Marathon distance to several days. Ultramarathons can either cover a
specified distance, or take place during a specified time frame, with
the winner covering the most distance in that time.
— played in a swimming pool with snorkeling equipment, the aim is to
manoeuvre a slightly negatively buoyant ball underwater (by carrying and
passing) from one side of a pool to the other. Scoring is achieved by
placing the ball in the gutter on the side of the pool.
Underwater Hockey — two teams of six push a puck along the bottom of a swimming pool. (also known as 'Octopush' or Water Hockey)
Underwater Ice Hockey — A variation of Ice Hockey played
upside-down underneath frozen pools or ponds. Participants wear
snorkeling equipment and wet suits and use the underside of the frozen
surface as the playing area for a floating puck (also called sub-aqua
— individual and team events in which competitors wearing scuba
diving equipment swim an underwater course following a route marked on a
map prepared by the competition organizers, using a compass and a
counter meter to measure the distance covered.
— teams of competitors using using scuba gear and using a digital
underwater camera dive and photograph the same saltwater ocean sites at
the same time over a two-day period, with the submitted digital images
assessed to find the winner.
— two teams compete for a slightly negatively buoyant ball (filled
with saltwater) and score by placing it into the opponents' goal
(heavy metal bucket) at the bottom of a swimming pool.
Underwater Target Shooting — competitors free dive in a swimming pool, using spearguns to fire at targets.
Underwater Wrestling — an alternative name for Aquathlon
— an artistic gymnastics apparatus used only by female gymnasts
comprising a pair of parallel bars set at different heights. (also
called or asymmetric bars)
— a version of Basketball with all competitors riding unicycles. The
sport uses a regulation basketball on a regular basketball court with
the same rules.
— competitors ride unicycles and a handball-sized ball, with the aim
to throw it into a vertical hoop placed about 6 feet (1.8 m) above the
— a team sport, similar to roller or inline hockey, though all
competitors are riding a unicycle and using a tennis ball and ice-hockey
Unicycling Racing - a competition which involves racing using a unicycle
— a form of unicycling which involves participants riding a unicycle
over obstacles without any part of the rider touching the ground.
Unicycling — sports using a single wheel cycle. Disciplines include Mountain Unicycling, Unicycle Trials, Unicycle Hockey, Unicycle Handball, Unicycle Basketball.
Vajra-mushti — a form of Indian wrestling in which a knuckleduster-like weapon called the Vajra-mushti is employed.
Valencian Frontó — modified Valencian Pilota version of the original Basque Pelota game. The players don't stand face-to-face as in the more popular Valencian Pilota but share a common playing area.
— is a traditional handball sport played in the Valencian Community of
Spain. The ball is usually struck with a bare hand in a game involving
two teams made from two up to five players each (depending on the
particular version played). Unlike the original Basque Pelota,
it is not played against a wall. Instead, teams are placed face to
face separated either by a line on the ground or a net. Versions include
— an old outdoor game dating back to the Viking Age. It is similar to
boules but played with a flat and heavy thrower known as "varpa" instead
of balls, once made of shaped stones but nowadays aluminium is more
Varzesh-e Bastani — a traditional Iranian martial arts. The sport is practiced in a gymnasium called Zourkhaneh, which is another name by which the sport is known.
Varzesh-e Pahlavani — another name for Varzesh-e Bastani.
— an artistic gymnastics event for men and women, in which the athlete
leaps over a vault or pommel horse, using the hands for pushing off.
Vigoro — an Australian sport that combines elements of Cricket and Baseball, mainly played by women. Played on a pitch shorter than for cricket, with a bat with a long handle like a paddle.
Vintage Racing — a form of Auto-Racing, with vehicles limited to Vintage types.
— a game for two teams of six players, in which a large ball is hit by
hand over a high net, the aim being to score points by making the ball
reach the ground on the opponent's side of the court. See also Beach Volleyball. Similar sports and variations include Throwball, Newcomb Ball.
Vovinam — a Vietnamese martial art.
Vx — a
ball sport from the UK, originally known as Rock-It-Ball. It is played
by two teams of five players. The court is roughly the size of a
basketball court, with 5 balls in play. Players carry a VstiX for
carrying, throwing and catching the ball.
Wakeboarding - riding a board and doing tricks on the wake behind a boat.
Water Skiing - riders are pulled along behind a boat skimming atop the water wearing one or two skis
Wheelchair Rugby - a full contact indoor team sport conducted for players with disabilities
Wheelchair rugby league
Whitewater kayaking (slalom)
Wickets - another name for Croquet
Wiffleball — a variation of the sport of Baseball
designed for indoor or outdoor play in confined areas, using a
perforated, light-weight, rubbery plastic ball and a long,
Windsurfing - riding a modified surfboard manoeuvered using a sail on a movable mast
Wingsuit Flying - a variety of skydiving, where a person will fly in the air using a special jumpsuit called the wingsuit.
Women's lacrosse - a limited-contact version of lacrosse
Woodball — a sport where a mallet is used to pass a ball through gates. This game can be played in grass, sand or indoor. See also Beach Woodball.
Wood Chopping - participants attempt to cut or saw a log or other types of wood in the quickest time
— a general term for a combat sport between two competitors involving
grappling type techniques. Forms include the Olympic styles of Greco-Roman and Freestyle. There are many regional forms of wrestling, too many to mention, but include Sumo, Yağlı Güreş (Turkish oil wrestling). Variations also include Aquathlon (underwater wrestling), Arm Wrestling.
Xare — a racket sport, a form of Basque pelota, where players face each other across a net which is strung across the middle of an indoor court.
Xingyiquan — is one of the major "internal" styles of Chinese martial arts (possibly not a sport).
Yağlı Güreş — Turkish for Oil Wrestling, also called grease wrestling. This form of wrestling, where the wrestlers cover themselves in oil. It is the national sport of Turkey.
Yak polo — a Mongolian variation of the sport Polo played on yaks instead of on horses.
Yotsudama — a variation of Four-Ball carom billiards played in East Asia.
Yubi Lakpi — a seven-a-side traditional football game with similarities to rugby played in Manipur, India, using a coconut.
Yukigassen — a snowball fighting-competition played between two teams with seven players each, originated in Japan.
Zourkhaneh — The Zourkhaneh (house of strength) is the traditional gymnasium where the sport of Varzesh-e Bastani
or Pahlavani is practiced. The sport is sometimes known by this name.
Alternative spellings are Zurkhaneh, Zorkhana or Zourkhaneh.
Zui Quan — The words mean Drunken Fist in Chinese. Also known as Drunken Boxing or Drunkard's Boxing.
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