Xtend-Life Ingredient Chitin

Chitin Background and Benefits

Chitin is a chain of N-acetylglucosamine molecules that has the chemical formula (C8H13O5N)n. It is best known as the primary component of arthropod exoskeletons. Arthropods primarily include insects and crustaceans such as shrimps, crabs, lobsters and other shellfish. Chitin also performs a similar function to the protein keratin, which vertebrates use to make feathers, hair and nails.

The Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann determined the structure of chitin in 1929. Chitin is structurally similar to cellulose, which is a polysaccharide formed by glucose units, or monomers, linked together. In chitin, one hydroxyl group (OH) in each monomer is replaced by an acetyl amine group (COCH3NH). This change increases the hydrogen bonding between adjacent units, making chitin significantly stronger than cellulose.

Pure chitin is pliable, although it is still quite tough. However, chitin is usually combined with some other material to make it stiffer. For example, insect exoskeletons are a composite of chitin and sclerotin, a matrix of proteins. The shells of crustaceans are typically a composite of chitin and calcium carbonate.

Chitin has many commercial applications, including food and pharmaceutical products. It is often used as a food thickener and stabilizer, and it can also form edible films. Chitin also has many applications as a health supplement that primarily relate to its role as a dietary fiber.

Health supplements typically use chitosan, which is a modified form of chitin with greater bioavailability. Chitosan is produced commercially by soaking crustacean shells with sodium hydroxide, a strong alkaline substance. This process removes the acetyl groups (COCH3) in chitin.

Uses of Chitin

Chitin is often used to manage healthy cholesterol levels and body weight. Additional uses of chitin include the support of kidney function.

Signs You May Need Chitin

A high total cholesterol level is one of the most significant signs that you may benefit from chitin. Poor kidney function is also an indication that chitin may help you. Common symptoms of kidney failure include physical weakness, poor appetite and insomnia.

Intestinal disorders characterized by inflammation may also mean that chitin can benefit you. Additional reasons to consider chitin supplements include skin grafts and a need to manage your weight.

Other Ingredients That May Be Of Interest

Glucosamine - Glucosamine is an amino sugar with the chemical formula (C6H13NO5). It is one of the most common monosaccharides in nature and is typically used to build chitin molecules. Glucosamine is also used to synthesize glycosylated lipids and proteins. The typical uses for glucosamine deal with joint function.

Products containing Chitin

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Here are the Xtend Life health supplements that I personally use since 2014 and reviewed that I know will improve your health results.

Total Balance Men's Premium (review here)

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Lipi Rite (review here)

Natural Energy Bee Pollen (review here)

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Soothes, anti oxidant & hydration

Women's Hydrating Mask (read review)
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Total Balance Men's Premium (read review)
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Total Balance Children's (read review)
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Omega 3 / DHA Mini (read review)
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